Advanced Foot & Ankle Institute of Georgia

Bunions vs. Big Toe Arthritis: What’s the Primary Difference?

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Bunions vs. Big Toe Arthritis: What’s the Primary Difference?
Meet Dr. Fui Dawson
Bunions vs. Big Toe Arthritis: What's the Primary Difference?

Foot-related problems can be excruciating and frustrating. Two of the common problems are bunions and big toe arthritis.

So, what’s the difference between the two conditions? Are bunions arthritis? Or they are a primary cause of the medical condition. Most people think bunions and big toe arthritis are the same. However, these two conditions are pretty different.

According to medical research by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, bunions are the most common foot deformity, while big toe arthritis is one of the most common types of arthritis.

What is Bunion: Causes and Symptoms

A bunion is a kind of deformity of the big toe. The big toe points toward the second toe, causing a bump to form on the inside edge of the foot. Bunions are often painful and can make walking difficult. People with flat feet or low arches are more likely to develop bunions. Tight-fitting shoes or shoes with high heels can make the problem worse.

Read more: What You Need to Know about Painful Bunions

Symptoms of a bunion include:

  • A bulging bump on the outside of the big toe
  • Swelling, redness, or soreness around the big toe
  • Corns or calluses on the big toe or second toe
  • A feeling of numbness or burning in the big toe
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Restricted movement of the big toe

What is Big Toe Arthritis: Causes and Symptoms

Big toe arthritis affects the joint at the base of the big toe. This condition can be caused by several things, including injury, overuse, and age.

Some symptoms of big toe arthritis include:

  • Pain in the big toe
  • Stiffness
  • Difficulty moving the big toe
  • Swelling
  • Redness or warmth around the joint

If you think you may have big toe arthritis, or bunions you must see a doctor. Treatment choices vary depending on the severity of the condition but can include:

  • pain medication
  • physical therapy
  • steroid injections
  • surgery

The Advanced Foot and Ankle Institute can treat big toe and bunions in Marietta. Our specialists will assess your condition and develop a treatment plan that’s right for you. Contact our practice today!